Candidiasis

CandidiasisCANDIDIASIS (candidiasis, thrush) is a group of diseases caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. Candida is found on fruits, vegetables, lactic acid products, waste water baths and so on, they are also common inhabitants (saprophytes) mucous membranes of the oral cavity, digestive tract, respiratory tract, vagina, skin of healthy people. Exogenous transfer of mushrooms is a contact may also airborne, by eating foods containing yeast-like fungi. The occurrence of candidiasis contribute to violations of protective forces of an organism (severe debilitating disease, cancer, diabetes, avitaminosis, and so on), as well as long-term uncontrolled use of broad-spectrum antibiotics that suppress the normal flora of the mucous membranes and skin, antagonists fungi of the genus Candida. There are a candidiasis of the skin (see Skin and venereal diseases), isolated candidiasis internal organs, digestive system, lungs, urinary tract, vagina, Candida sepsis. Candidiasis of the digestive system most often seen in lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth, pharynx; characterized by the appearance of small red spots later point white deposits on the mucous membrane of the tongue, cheeks, throat, which can merge, forming a clearly defined lesions covered with petty-white films, the destruction of which are found eroded surface. When patients report a burning sensation in the mouth, soreness of the mucous membranes, difficulty (due to pain) chewing and swallowing. Lesion of the esophagus often localized in its middle third, is characterized by edema and hyperemia of its mucosa, ulceration, covered with a whitish film, painful dysphagia. The candidiasis of the stomach and intestines is rare and occurs in the form of catarrhal or erosive gastritis, enteritis, enterocolitis. Severe ulcerative candidiasis of the gastrointestinal tract may be complicated by gastrointestinal bleeding, perforation and development of peritonitis. Candidal sepsis is a generalized form of candidiasis, is characterized by severe General condition of the patient, hectic fever, by the formation of abscesses in various organs (kidney, liver, pancreas, brain, muscles, and so on), often accompanied by purulent meningitis, verrucous or ulcerative endocarditis. The forecast in many cases unfavorable. Diagnosis candidiases lesions of the digestive tract is established in the presence of characteristic lesions on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with thrush in combination with symptoms of other organs in the digestive system. To determine the lesion of the esophagus, stomach, colon can at endoscopy (when I take detachable ulcerative lesions, films on laboratory research; produce a biopsy of the affected areas). Reliable is the diagnosis of candidiasis in laboratory allocation of yeast-like fungi (investigated detachable ulcerative lesions of the mucous membranes, pus, bile, in candidal sepsis - blood), as well as fungi detected in histological preparations, obtained by biopsy. Have diagnostic value of a positive reaction to the vaccine Candida in dilution of the test serum 1:200 and above and with polysaccharide antigen in the reaction of complement fixation (serum dilution 1:20 and above). Prevention. The elimination of the possibility of infection from patients with candidiasis; sanitary control, mechanization and automation of labor and means of personal hygiene and prevention in enterprises where possible professional candidiasis. Careful medical monitoring of patients undergoing treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics; parallel assignment b vitamins, if possible periodic replacement of the antibiotic; if long-term treatment-and-prophylactic prescription of nystatin Illawarra..



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