Botkin Sergei Petrovich

Botkin Sergei PetrovichOutstanding Russian physician, the founder of Russian clinical medicine. In Leningrad before the building of the Military medical Academy is a monument: on a granite pedestal, the figure of an elderly man in an old-fashioned frock coat. Man low, but broad-shouldered, he had slightly spread my legs, put his hands behind his back, in meditation bowed on his chest head with big wise forehead. When in 1908 the sculptor C. A. Beklemishev finished the work on the monument to Professor Sergei Petrovich Botkin still alive were many students and colleagues a wonderful doctor and a scientist. They remembered this pose, so well captured by sculptor... The old doctor had just finished examining the patient. He had long questioned him, delving into every detail of life and disease. Then he listened, tapped his chest short, senile, but surprisingly sensitive fingers and, rising from his chair, thinking. He weighs the facts, compares them, mentally arguing with myself. Now it depends on many things: health, happiness, and maybe the life of the patient. Diagnosis - conclusion about the disease - should be accurate. The doctor has no room for error. This great concern of the doctor-healer of sick and strict self-discipline naturalist of very well conveyed talented sculptor. Thousands of people could say that they healed a wonderful doctor Sergei Petrovich Bockenem (1832-1889). Dozens of scientists proudly called themselves his disciples. As a man of great soul and as a public figure Botkin appreciated the M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, and N. A. Nekrasov dedicated to him one of the chapters in his poem "to Whom in Russia to live well". What's so appreciated S. P. Botkin contemporaries scientist and why his name is revered by a new generation of doctors? Sergei Petrovich Botkin was an outstanding Russian physician (internist doctor of internal medicine), founder of the Russian clinical medicine. He was born in Moscow into a family of merchants. In the house Botkins were A. I. Herzen, N. Century Stankevich, V. G. Belinskii, I. N. Granovsky and other progressive people of that time. Their noble liberation ideas had a great influence on the formation of worldview Botkin. In 1855, Botkin graduated from Moscow University and went with the sanitary detachment in the Crimea, where at that time there was a war. There he was fortunate to work under the leadership of a great surgeon N. I. Pirogov. Work in a military hospital gave Botkin necessary practical skills. In 1861 29-year-old scholar was Professor of academic therapeutic clinics, which led almost three decades. For many centuries the doctors for the most part acted in accordance with tradition: if one day some medicine helped one patient, then in all such cases, this drug was prescribed, and others. The doctors did not think that every human body has its own characteristics and, therefore, one and the same disease in one patient from another. Botkin was one of the first proved that each patient must be individually assessed to take into account age features, anatomical structure, the nervous system, conditions of life. Botkin believed to help the doctor was reasonable and effective, it must engage not only in medicine but also in other natural Sciences. To study problems of scientific medicine and physiology Botkin has created at his clinic in 1860 - 1861 Russia's first experimental laboratory. Here was performed various analyses have explored the effects of drugs on the body, it has been observed over the animals. Modern medicine owes Botkina the fact that he was one of the first noticed what an important role the body plays a Central nervous system. He realized that the disease does not strike a separate part of the body, and affects through the nervous system on the entire body. Only by understanding this, a doctor can properly treat the patient.

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